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BASIC MUSIC THEORY

The following is a written explanation of the following topics:

THE FIVE TOPICS:

1) Musical Notation

2) The 12 Notes of Music - The Musical Alphabet

3) The Staff

4) The Clef

5) Names of Notes

1) MUSICAL NOTATION

 

Musical Notation is the LANGUAGE of music.

English uses letters and Music uses notes

You can read music just as well as you can read English!

2) THE 12 NOTES OF MUSIC

Did you know? That there are only 12 notes in Western Music​

Those notes are

A     A#     B     C     C#     D     D#     E      F      F#      G       G#

The note A# is said as: 'A Sharp'

Everyone note has a sharp except for   B   and   E

- There is no B#

- There is no E#

The distance between one note and the next is called a SEMITONE

For example,

The distance from   A   to    A#   is ONE (1) SEMITONE​

The distance from   A#   to    B   is ONE (1) SEMITONE

The distance from    B   to   C   is ONE (1) SEMITONE

The distance from  C   to    D   is TWO(2) SEMITONES

The distance from   A   to   B   is TWO (2) SEMITONES

3) THE STAFF

The staff is made up of 5 lines and 4 spaces in which notes are placed into (a line or a space)

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4) THE CLEF​

A Clef is what helps give notes their names. There are many different types of clefs and every instrument needs a specific clef. Let's focus on two popular clefs; the TREBLE clef and the BASS Clef.

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The Guitar uses the TREBLE CLEF.

5) NAMES OF NOTES ON THE STAFF

Once we have a STAFF with a CLEF on it, we can start naming notes out.

Let's start with the TREBLE CLEF on the STAFF first,

The SPACES on this staff are

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The SPACES spell FACE

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A popular acronym for learning the lines are
Every Good Boy Deserves Fun - E G B D F

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The Simplest method is counting your notes up or down the musical alphabet.

NOTICE: The sharps or flat weren't counted, just the whole notes: A B C D E F G